Are you troubled by small, yellowish growths around your eyes? If so, you may be experiencing Xanthelasma, a common skin condition affecting both men and women. Xanthelasma removal is relatively straightforward at our Cosmetic Surgery and is usually completed as an outpatient procedure so you can go home afterwards.
Xanthelasma, also known as xanthelasma palpebrarum, is a benign condition characterised by the appearance of small, yellowish deposits on the upper or lower eyelids. Typically they develop near the inner corners of the eyes and can vary in size, ranging from specks to larger patches.
Diagnosis of Xanthelasma is fairly uncomplicated as the yellow-coloured growth and areas where they appear are distinctive. They generally appear more in women than men and are most likely to occur in the forties to fifties. Once the plaques develop, they are usually passive or grow very slowly.
Causes and Risk Factors
Xanthelasma is closely associated with lipid metabolism and is often linked to elevated cholesterol levels or other lipid abnormalities. While it can affect individuals of any age or gender, certain factors may increase the risk of developing Xanthelasma. These include:
- Genetics: Family history plays a significant role, as Xanthelasma tends to run in families. If your close relatives have had Xanthelasma, you may be more prone to developing it.
- Hyperlipidemia: High cholesterol, triglycerides, or other lipids in the bloodstream can contribute to the formation of Xanthelasma.
- Age and Gender: Xanthelasma is commonly observed in middle-aged and older individuals. Additionally, it appears to affect women slightly more frequently than men.
Although Xanthelasma is harmless and painless, its presence can be aesthetically displeasing for many people, leading them to seek removal options.
Xanthelasma Treatment Options
When it comes to xanthelasma removal, several treatment options are available. Treatment choice depends on factors such as the size of the growths, their location, and the patient's preferences. Let's explore some common approaches:
- Xanthelasma Surgery: In cases where Xanthelasma is small and localised, surgical excision may be recommended. This procedure involves carefully removing the deposits using a scalpel or laser. Local anesthesia is typically administered to ensure patient comfort during the process.
- Cryotherapy: Cryotherapy, or cold therapy, involves freezing the Xanthelasma using liquid nitrogen. This freezing process helps destroy the abnormal cells, allowing new skin to regenerate in its place.
- Chemical Peels: Chemical peels can treat Xanthelasma by applying a chemical solution to the affected area. The solution causes controlled damage to the skin, promoting its renewal and reducing the appearance of Xanthelasma.
- Xanthelasma laser removal - Used with bigger xanthelasma lesions where radiofrequency from a microlaser can be used successfully on the treatment area without damaging the surrounding skin.
Prevention and Lifestyle Changes
While xanthelasma removal options exist, prevention is always better than cure. Certain lifestyle changes may help reduce the risk of developing Xanthelasma or prevent its recurrence. You can achieve this by doing the following:
- Maintain a Healthy Diet: Adopting a diet low in saturated fats and cholesterol can help keep lipid levels in check, reducing the likelihood of Xanthelasma forming.
- Exercise Regularly: Physical activity can positively impact cholesterol levels and cardiovascular health.
- Manage Weight: Maintaining a healthy weight can prevent the development of lipid abnormalities.
- Quit Smoking: Smoking increases the possibility of lipid abnormalities and Xanthelasma developing.
- Manage Underlying Conditions: Uncontrolled diabetes and high blood pressure can contribute to lipid imbalances, potentially leading to xanthelasma formation.
- Regular Eye Examinations: Schedule regular eye examinations to help detect early signs of Xanthelasma and provide appropriate guidance on prevention and treatment options.
Get More Information
Book an appointment with the team at Chelsea Cosmetics at (03) 8822 3472. We can help you diagnose the condition and help you understand which treatment options for Xanthelasma are best for you.